Traditional approaches to psychotherapy emphasise face-to-face contact. In contrast, current computerised approaches tend to minimise this contact. INTERACT is exploring an alternative approach that integrates face-to-face contact, electronic contact, online collaboration, and support for between-session activities.


Stawarz, K, Preist, C, Tallon, D, Thomas, L, Turner, K, Wiles, N, Kessler, D, Shafran, R and Coyle, D. (2020) Integrating the Digital and the Traditional to Deliver Therapy for Depression: Lessons from a Pragmatic Study. 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI ’20). ACM New York, 1–14.  Best Paper Honorable Mention. (doi)

Stawarz K, Preist C, Tallon D, Wiles N, Kessler D, Turner K, Shafran R, Coyle D (2020) Design Considerations for the Integrated Delivery of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Depression: A User-Centered Design Study. JMIR Mental Health. 2020;7(9):e15972. (doi)

Stawarz K, Preist C, Coyle D. Use of Smartphone Apps, Social Media and Online Resources to Support Mental Health and Wellbeing: An Online Survey. JMIR Mental Health. 2019;6(7):e12546 (doi)

Stawarz K, Preist C, Tallon D, Wiles N, Coyle D (2018) User Experience of CBT Apps for Depression: An Analysis of App Functionality and User Reviews. J Med Internet Res. 2018;20(6):e10120. (doi)

The papers above describe the HCI research undertaken as part of the larger INTERACT project. INTERACT is a 6 year programme of research that aims to develop and evaluate a new intervention for depression that integrates the use of online CBT materials with therapist led CBT. It blends high intensity therapy with innovative use of technology to maintain the effectiveness of face-to-face CBT. Ultimately this approach promises to increase the general availability of CBT and include groups for whom access is difficult.

The novel intervention developed in INTERACT is currently being evaluated through a multi-centre RCT in NHS services. It has been design and developed so that it can be easily incorporated into existing and future NHS psychological services within the UK.

INTERACT is funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Programme Grants for Applied Research, Integrated Therapist, and online CBT for depression in primary care (RP-PG-0514-20012). The study was also supported by the NIHR Bristol Biomedical Research Centre at University Hospitals Bristol and Weston NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Bristol.

Key Collaborators:
Kathy Stawarz
Chris Preist
Nicola Wiles
David Kessler